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New seal identifies and defends Argentine family farming

New seal identifies and defends Argentine family farming


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By Fabiana Frayssinet

Norma Araujo, her husband and her son arrive late at this market, in the Palermo Hollywood neighborhood, because the copious rain bogged down the dirt roads where they have their garden, in the Florencio Varela municipality, 38 kilometers from Buenos Aires.

Fruits and vegetables are quickly arranged while the first customers arrive at the old warehouse, closed as a commercial market as a result of the 2001 economic crisis. Now, 25 stalls offer products from social, indigenous and peasant organizations, made "without slave labor" and under the rules of "fair trade".

“The quality of our vegetables is totally natural. It does not contain any pesticides, ”Araujo told IPS. She is a member of the Florencio Varela Family Producers Cooperative, which also sells chickens, eggs, piglets and rabbits.

In front of the Araujo store, Analía Alvarado offers honey, homemade sweets, cheeses, nutritious seeds, cereals, natural juices, olive oil, whole grain breads, organic yerba mate and dairy products.

"The idea is to give the possibility to small producers, and here we have from all over the country, who otherwise would not have access to sell their products," Alvarado stressed.

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries took another step in that direction with the creation in July of the seal "Produced by Family Farming", with the aim of "strengthening visibility, informing and raising awareness about the significant contribution of family farming to food security and sovereignty ”.

The ministry figures the sector at 120,000 families and recognizes it "as the main supplier of food to the Argentine population, for contributing approximately 70 percent of the daily diet for food consumption."

“A seal that identifies the product also generates visibility, a dialogue between consumers and the production sector that is maintained in the field, which has a presence throughout the country, generating territorial sovereignty,” explained Raimundo Laugero, Director of Programs and Projects of the Ministry of Family Agriculture Secretariat.

The government defines family farming as peasants, chacareros (finqueros), indigenous peoples' communities, artisanal fishermen, landless rural workers, settlers, medieros, artisans, smallholders, urban and peri-urban producers.

The seal will identify that origin, Laugero explained in an interview with IPS. In addition, he said, "it will guarantee sanitary control, production without agrochemicals or industrialized, and production with diversity, contrary to monocultures."

"When we talk about a product from family farming, the symbolic attribute has to do with artisanal processes, where the family's work is placed, and a fundamental aspect is that behind this product there are faces of people who live in the countryside", Held.

In this country of 43 million people, the agricultural sector represents one of the mainstays of its economy, to which it contributes 13 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), 55.8 percent of its exports and 35.6 percent of their direct and indirect employment.

Pharmacist María José Otero comes from afar to the market on her bicycle, but she is not sorry. He wants a diet for his family that "is as healthy and natural as possible, without chemicals (products)."

It also chooses that market for "a social issue." He wants to favor those who produce "natural food without so much industrialization", also avoiding "many intermediaries that make the products very expensive".

“In addition, I am very interested in the impact that the act of consuming something with consciousness causes. That implies caring for the environment in which you work, respect for animals. It is not the same to consume the eggs of animals that walk and eat naturally those of animals that treat cruelly, crammed in sheds, fed in any way, "he argued.

To Otero, the label seems "great". "In this there are also a lot of‘ trout ’(deception) of people who say they sell you an organic product or it is made with conscience and it is not like that. This seal would give you a guarantee ”, he considered.

“It would serve more than anything to make the public aware of what it is to help a small producer. That they realize that what they pay and consume really goes to him, and that those who work really get paid what is owed, "said Alvarado.

Laugero stressed that there is also an "outstanding" distinctive aspect of the new seal, linked to "participatory guarantee systems for agro-ecological products."

He recalled that usually when a producer wants a seal that recognizes his product, he has to appeal to a certifying company, while the "agroecological" concept has other components.

In this sense, he mentioned six pilot experiences in Argentina, of participatory guarantee systems for agroecological processes, between organized producers and consumers, to which the State will now join.

"With the label's proposal, they are going to have much more boom because it is going to be more massive and inclusive," he emphasized.

In the Bonpland market, Claudia Giorgi, a member of the La Asamblearia cooperative, which works in a network with other social organizations, prepares shipments to another province which in turn will deliver products, at the same freight, to save costs.

Giorgi produces papaya jellies. But it also sells products from other cooperatives such as natural cosmetics, lavender soaps, medicinal herbs, tea without pesticides, mustards or flours.

"What is produced in each social organization is exchanged with that of another, at the price of each organization, which is the cost of the producers plus logistics expenses," he told IPS.

The cooperative member says that it still does not have information about the seal, but anticipates that it will work if it proves "functional" and differs from those "that are a business" and "have a cost"

In the resolution that creates the seal, it is precisely stated that one of its objectives is "to disseminate, promote and promote new marketing channels and points of sale."

Laugero recalled that in addition to contributing 20 percent of agricultural GDP, family farming represents 95 percent of goat production, 22 percent of cattle, 30 percent of sheep, 33 percent of honey, 25 percent of fruit trees, 60 percent of vegetables and 15 percent of grains.

“However, that does not always translate into who gets the rent. We need to work hard on these aspects so that income is also in the hands of the sector ”, he reflected.

In his case, Araujo puts the emphasis on solving even simpler problems, such as being able to transport his vegetables to market, even if it rains.

"Let us fix the dirt streets," he raises, and clarifies that it is a task in which producers offer to participate.

IPS News


Video: The Hypocrisy!! (June 2022).


Comments:

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  2. Zujinn

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